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Zappo Zap woman at Ibanshe, Kasai

Zappo – Zap, village at Ibansche, Kasai District

Young plants of Hevea braziliensis shaded by manioca at Waka, old Abir territory

Young Cocoa trees, Kinyati, Mayumbe country.

Young Cocoa Trees, interspersed with paw paw trees, Kinyati, Mayumbe country.

Young Cocoa trees proptected by shade of Paw-paw trees, Kinyati, Mayumbe

Young Borassus palm at Leopoldville

Young Aruwimi chief

Workshops at Dima, headquarters of Kasai Company

Workmen's dwellings at Mongai, Katanga Company's post on Kasai River

Wooding Post. Kasai River

Wooden Shackles.jpg

Wooden Shackles

Wooden shackles used on the coast of West Africa for securing coffles of enslaved people. This image formed part of the Harris Lantern Slide Collection. Under King Leopold II the Congo Free State used mass forced labour to extract rubber from the jungle for the European market. As consumer demand grew King Leopold II's private army - the Force Publique - used violent means to coerce the population into meeting quotas, including murder, mutilation, rape, village burning, starvation and hostage taking. Alice Seeley Harris and her husband Reverend John H. Harris were missionaries in the Congo Free State from the late 1890s. Alice produced a collection of images documenting the horrific abuses of the African rubber labourers. Her photographs are considered to be an important development in the history of humanitarian campaigning. The images were used in a number of publications. The Harrises also used the photographs to develop the Congo Atrocity Lantern Lecture which toured Britain and the the USA raising awareness of the issue of colonial abuses under King Leopold II's regime. Source: Antislavery International.

Wood cutting post above Bopoto, upper Congo. Rev. Charles Dodds on the left

Women washing in river at Novo Redondo, Angola

Women on San Thomé

Woman of Waka

Woman catching shells with basket in surf. Shells exported from Loanda for decorative work

Witch doctor at Bopoto, upper Congo

Witch at Euli, Ikelemba

Wild orchids growing on banks at Stanley Pool